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Mixed Methods

Mixed methods research is a description usually applied to research that combines qualitative and quantitative approaches. Listed below are:

  • TLRP's specially commissioned guides about mixed methods or about the ways in which a substantive focus has been researched using different methods and approaches
  • showcased TLRP projects' contributions to this issue
  • some additional resources


Delivery for posting
HEA (x3) Three approaches to researching feedback in HE (discourse analysis, experimentation, post-structural approaches)
Chris Taylor Resources from RCBN and RCBN Journal
UCET Teacher Education Reference Group Research on Teacher Education (substantive focus drawing on different methods)
Carrie Paechter Researching how children learn gender


TLRP Showcase: Mixed Methods
Learning and Professional Development: networks
TLRP Learning to Learn project .
Enhancing 'Skills for Life': Adult Basic Skills and Workplace Learning

Additional Resource

A paper by Jennifer Mason (2006), in The Real Life Methods Working Papers series, outlines different approaches to using mixed methods in six strategies for mixing methods and linking data , while a discussion paper on mixed methods research paper  by Julia Brannen (2005) offers definitions of and reasons for popularity of mixed methods research, as well as outlining how a mixed method strategy plays out in different phases of the research process.

Alan Bryman (2006) performs a content analysis on 232 social science articles to see how mixed methods were used in practice. On the quantitative side structured interview and questionnaire research within a cross-sectional design tended to predominate, while on the qualitative side the semi-structured interview within a cross-sectional design tended to predominate. The rationales for employing a mixed-methods research approach and how they were used in practice indicates did not always align, and the implications of this finding for thinking about mixed-methods research were considered. Bryman (2004) has also produced a Methods Briefing on Integrating Quantitative and Qualitative Research: Prospects and Limits .

Forum: Qualitative Social Research  has published a special issue (Forum Volume 2, No. 1 – February 2001) on Qualitative and Quantitative Research: Conjunctions and Divergences .

References and further reading:

  • Bryman, A. (2006) ‘Integrating Quantitative and Qualitative Research: how is it done?' Qualitative Research, Vol. 6, No. 1: 97-114
  • Mason, J. (2006) ‘Mixing Methods in a Qualitatively-Driven Way', Qualitative Research, Vol. 6, No. 1: 9-26
  • Moran-Ellis, J., Alexander, V. D., Cronin, A., Dickinson, M., Fielding, J., Sleney, J. and Thomas, H., (2006) ‘Triangulation and Integration: processes, claims and
    implications' Qualitative Research, Vol. 6, No. 1: 45-60.
  • International Journal of Social Research Methodology (2005) Vol. 8, No. 3. Special edition on mixed methods research.









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